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Ilex verticillata

Winterberry

Garden

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  • Ilex verticillata | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019

Features

  • BloomsNovember to December
  • Height2m to 3m
  • Spread1.5m to 2.5m
  • Growth HabitIrregular bushy
  • Flower ColourWhite
  • Leaf ColourDark green

Description

Ilex verticillata (Winterberry). This is a deciduous species it is grown for its beautiful red berries; the foliage is dark green. Male and female plantings will ensure the most abundant crop of berries.

Characteristics

Deciduous, Shrub or Tree

Other common names

Black alder, Holly

Origin

Eastern North America

Interest and use

Ornamental, hedging, fruit

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  • Ilex verticillata | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019

Needs

  • LightPart shade
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilHeavy, Well drained, Light, Medium
  • Soil pH5.0 to 6.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

Grow in sun or shade, but deciduous plants and those with variegated foliage do best in sun or semi-shade. Hollies dislike being transplanted, but respond well to hard pruning and pollarding, which should be carried out in late spring. Watch out for the spines.

Propagation

You can propagate by seeds in the spring or by semi-ripe cuttings from late summer to early winter.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Watch out for holly aphid and holly leaf miner.

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