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Acacia nilotica

Scented thorn

Garden

Wishlist

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Features

  • BloomsJanuary to May
  • Height7m to 13m
  • Speed of GrowthFast
  • Growth HabitUpright round
  • Flower ColourYellow
  • Leaf ColourMedium green

Description

Acacia nilotica (Scented thorn). Also known as Vachellia nilotica. The wood of this tree was used by the ancient Egyptians to create statues and carvings. The tree has dark brown to black bark. It is a pioneer species which produces plentiful seed. It has yellow fluffy pompom flowers. The bipinnate leaves are normally dropped in the dry season. There are nine subspecies of this plant, some of which are more evergreen.

Characteristics

Woody perennial, Semi-evergreen, Tree

Origin

Africa, Pakistan, India

Interest and use

Grown as a medicinal plant for various ailments including scurvy, dysentery diarrhea, as an expectorant for coughs and as an antiseptic. Also grown for forage, fuel, as a windbreak and for woodwork.

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Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessHalf hardy (min 0°C)
  • SoilClay, Well drained, Light, Sandy, Gritty
  • Soil pH5.5 to 8.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

This crop has an minimum optimum growing temperature of 19C and a maximum optimum growing temperature of 34C. Drought tolerant.

Propagation

By seed, suckers and cuttings

Pests, diseases or disorders

Cerostema scabrator and Euproctis lunata and E. subnotata in India, bruchid beetles and Buprestid beetles in Africa.

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