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Lotus corniculatus

Bird's foot trefoil

Garden

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  • Lotus corniculatus | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Lotus corniculatus | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019

Features

  • BloomsApril to September
  • Height0.1m to 0.4m
  • Spread0.4m to 0.5m
  • Growth HabitLow spreading
  • Flower ColourYellow-orange, often tinged, veined red

Description

Lotus corniculatus (Bird's foot trefoil). A common meadow wild flower that is a valuable source of nectar for insects and forage food for livestock. The name refers to its elongated seedpods with a hook-like tip similar to a bird’s foot. Often grown by beekeepers.

A moderately winter hardy plant found in the wild in N. Europe. It requires summer temperatures of 15-25C for optimum growth.

Characteristics

Perennial, Deciduous, Semi-evergreen or Evergreen, Herbaceous

Other common names

Bacon and eggs, Trefoil

Origin

Most of Europe in grassy places

Interest and use

Wildflower/meadow, also suitable for coastal conditions.

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  • Lotus corniculatus | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Lotus corniculatus | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019

Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessFrost hardy (min -5°C)
  • SoilHeavy, Fertile, Medium, Low salinity
  • Soil pH5.0 to 8.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

Prefers moderately fertile, well-drained soil with full sun.

Propagation

Propagate from cuttings in early summer or from seed in autumn or spring.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Mealy bugs, aphids, red spider mites.

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