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Angelica archangelica

Angelica

Garden

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  • Angelica archangelica | Copyright Greenplantswap 2018

Features

  • BloomsJune to July
  • Height1.5m to 2m
  • Spread0.9m to 1.25m
  • Growth HabitIrregular bushy
  • Flower ColourWhite, yellow-green
  • Leaf ColourMid green

Description

Angelica archangelica (Angelica). All parts of this fast-growing, robust biennial herb are fragrant. It has handsome, deeply divided, bright green leaves and rounded umbels of small green-yellow flowers in summer.

Characteristics

Biennial, Deciduous, Fragrant

Origin

N. Europe, Asia

Interest and use

Bog, fragrance, culinary.

This species was valued for centuries for its medicinal properties to relieve toothache, to dispel ‘phrenzies of the head’ and to protect against the plague.
The young stems are used, formerly cooked as a vegetable, nowadays most familiar as a candied green garnish for sweet dishes - either whole or finely chopped and have a licorice flavour. A herbal tea can be made from the roots. An oil is extracted from the seeds and used as a flavouring or for perfume-making. It is suggested that pregnant women and diabetics do not ingest Angelica.

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  • Angelica archangelica | Copyright Greenplantswap 2018

Needs

  • LightPart shade
  • HardinessHardy (min -10°C)
  • SoilClay, Well drained, Fertile, Medium, Low salinity, Loamy, Chalky
  • Soil pH5.5 to 7.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

This does best planted with protection from strong winds, with deep, fertile soil in dappled light. Be sure to remove the seed heads when they are produced; this will help prolong the life of the plant.

Propagation

If you wish to plant the ripened seeds, do so promptly as they are not viable for very long. Angelica will self-sow.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Powdery mildew, slugs, snails, aphids and leaf miners.

Search or browse our Glossary of 3,000+ botanical and plant-related terms


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