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Ophrys Genus


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General Needs

  • LightFull sun or Part shade
  • HardinessFrost hardy (min -5°C)
  • SoilHumus-rich, Gritty
  • Soil pH7.0 to 5.0
  • WaterSemi-moist


Ophrys genus (Orchid). These are deciduous terrestrial orchids which grow in soil or leaf mould. The perennials consist of 3 outer sepals and 3 inner petals, the lowest of which is usually enlarged. The flowers can be colourful and are very attractive.


Perennials, Deciduous, Orchids


Europe, Mediterranean, Africa & Asia

Interest and use

Grown for their beautiful and unusual flowers.


They are very difficult to cultivate, you will need to grow in leafy, moist, gritty, well-drained soil in partial-shade. You should try and propagate by seeds which should be sown in sterile flasks or tissue culture are the best options. Except in mild areas, orchids are best grown in pots and kept in greenhouses during cold weather and winter.


Division of tubers where possible, or orchids with pseudobulbs may have older leafless ones removed and repotted.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Slugs and snails.

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