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Paeonia Genus

Peony

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General Needs

  • LightFull sun or Part shade
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilWell drained, Fertile, Chalky
  • Soil pH6.0 to 7.0
  • WaterMoist

Description

Paeonia genus (Peony). There are about 33 species in this genus of beautiful perennials and shrubs. They are long-lived and rather woody with swollen roots. The large leaves have leaflets which are usually toothed or lobed. The flowers bloom in shades of pink or red but there are also white and yellow-flowered species.

Characteristics

Perennials, Semi-evergreens, Fragrants

Other common names

Paeony

Origin

Europe

Interest and use

Grown for their bold foliage, showy blooms and in some species colourful seed pods. Flower arranging.

As Alice Morse Earle the American author and historian (1851-1911) memorably wrote: "The Peony always looks like a well-dressed, well-shod, well-gloved girl of birth, breeding, and of equal good taste and good health; a girl who can swim and hike and play golf ..."

Cultivation

They will grow well in climates with a cold winter. They need a sheltered position in full or slightly filtered sunlight and moist, rich and well-drained soil. Large-flowered cultivars require support.

Propagation

Propagate by seed in autumn (may take up to 3 years to germinate), tuberous species by root cuttings in winter, tree peonies by semi-ripe cuttings in late summer or by grafting in winter. Perennials may also be propagated by division in autumn or early spring.

Pests, diseases or disorders

They are susceptible to peony wilt, honey fungus, grey mould.

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