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Apium graveolens

Celery

Garden

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  • Apium graveolens | Copyright Greenplantswap 2020
  • Apium graveolens | Copyright Greenplantswap 2020

Features

  • Height0.3m to 0.5m
  • Spread0.2m to 0.3m
  • Growth HabitStalked clump
  • Flower ColourGreen-white
  • Leaf ColourMedium green-yellow

Description

Apium graveolens (Celery). This plant produces finely divided, compound leaves held alternately on the stem. In late summer, small white flowers are produced in umbels.

The species name, or specific epithet 'graveolens' means 'strong smelling'.

Characteristics

Biennial, Deciduous, Vegetable

Other common names

Wild celery, Celeriac

Origin

Eurasia

Interest and use

It has one of the highest potassium contents of the vegetables and can be eaten raw or cooked. The seeds are also used in cooking.

Used in traditional medicine for reducing blood pressure, relieving indigestion, stimulating the uterus, as an anti-inflammatory, diuretic and aphrodisiac.

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  • Apium graveolens | Copyright Greenplantswap 2020
  • Apium graveolens | Copyright Greenplantswap 2020

Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilWell drained, Fertile, Medium, Low salinity
  • Soil pH7.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

Celery is commonly grown in trenches which are deeply dug and prepared with a layer of rotted manure or compost at the bottom. Celery plants require a regular feeding and watering during the growing season.

Self-blanching varieties require much less work, but are not as flavourful as trench-grown plants which must be carefully wrapped with newspaper and tied, but not tightly. Soil is then mounded up until just the leaf tops show.

Harvesting may start in mid autumn in milder regions and may end in late autumn.

Propagation

Seeds are usually sown indoors under glass and set out in spring and early summer.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Slugs, snails, celery fly, mice and voles.

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