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Aquilegia Genus

Columbine

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General Needs

  • LightFull sun or Part shade
  • HardinessFrost hardy (min -5°C)
  • SoilWell drained, Fertile, Light
  • WaterSemi-moist

Description

Aquilegia genus (Columbine). This is a genus of around 60-70 species of graceful clump-forming short-lived perennials with bell-shaped, spurred, single to double flowers. They generally bloom in late spring and early summer.

Characteristics

Perennials, Deciduous, Shrubs or Herbaceous

Other common names

Granny's bonnet

Origin

Northern Hemisphere.

The genus name comes from the Latin word 'aquila' which means 'eagle' and refers to the shape of the petals being said to resemble an eagle's talon. The common name of Columbine comes from the Latin word for 'dove'; 'columba' and refers to the upturned flower being said to resemble five doves.

Interest and use

Grown for the mainly bell-shaped, spurred flowers in spring and summer. They are suitable for many situations in the garden.

Cultivation

Fully to frost hardy. They generally prefer well drained soil in an open, semi-shaded site, but some are more tolerant of deeper shade or full sun. Keep selected forms segregated from others to stop them interbreeding.

Propagation

Propagate species by seed in autumn or spring. Selected forms are best divided, as they only occasionally come true from seed.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Prone to aphid attack.

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