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Phormium tenax

New Zealand flax

Garden

Wishlist

  • Phormium tenax | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Phormium tenax | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Phormium tenax | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Phormium tenax | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019

Features

  • BloomsJune to August
  • Height1m to 4.25m
  • Spread1m to 2.5m
  • Growth HabitStalked clump
  • Flower ColourPurple, red
  • Leaf ColourGreen and blue-green variegated

Description

Phormium tenax (New Zealand flax). This species produces evergreen foliage and dusky red flowers. They are very salt tolerant and thrives in seaside conditions.

Characteristics

Perennial, Evergreen, Shrub or Herbaceous

Other common names

New Zealand hemp, Flax

Origin

New Zealand

Interest and use

Foliage, ornamental. Suitable for coastal conditions.

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  • Phormium tenax | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Phormium tenax | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Phormium tenax | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Phormium tenax | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019

Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessFrost hardy (min -5°C)
  • SoilWell drained, Fertile, Low salinity
  • Soil pH5.0 to 8.0
  • WaterMoist

Cultivation

They are fairly frost hardy, and will respond well to generous watering and permanently moist conditions.

Propagation

You can propagate from seed or by division in spring.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Mealy bugs can be a problem.

Search or browse our Glossary of 3,000+ botanical and plant-related terms


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