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Arachis hypogea

Peanut

Garden

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  • Arachis hypogea | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019

Features

  • Height0.3m
  • Growth HabitSemi-trailing
  • Flower ColourPale yellow-red
  • Leaf ColourMid green

Description

Arachis hypogea (Peanut). The flowers if this frost tender annual are small and yellow-red in colour. The composite leaves have obovate leaflets in mid Green. After flowering, the pods bury themselves in the ground where the fruits (peanuts) ripen. The seeds within the pod contain the peanut which can be black, red or pale brown.

Characteristics

Annual, Deciduous, Nut

Other common names

Groundnut, Monkey nut, Earth nut

Origin

S. America

Interest and use

Culinary, food, nut, oil. The leaves can also be eaten as a vegetable.

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  • Arachis hypogea | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019

Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessHardy (min -10°C)
  • SoilWell drained, Light, Humus-rich
  • Soil pH5.0 to 7.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

Mound up the soil where you have sown them (like for potatoes) and mulch the trenches with straw/leafmold/compost if the soil is sandy. After harvest, only remove the parts of the plant above the soil, leaving the rest to rot down naturally and improve nitrogen levels.

This crop has a minimum growing temperature of 10C and a maximum growing temperature of 45C; the optimal growing temperature is between 22C and 32C.

Propagation

By seed. Seeds may take over a week to germinate if the climate is cold.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Leaf spots, rusts, sclerotinia blight, thrips, southern stem rot, peanut stunt virus, tomato spotted wilt virus, peanut bud necrosis, verticillium wilt, web blotch, armyworms, botrytis, cylindrocladium black rot, root knot nematode, charcoal rot and spider mites.

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