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Pinus Genus

Pine

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General Needs

  • LightPart shade
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilClay, Chalky
  • Soil pH5.0 to 7.0
  • WaterMoist

Description

Pinus genus (Pine). There are about 120 species of needle-leafed evergreens in this genus. The species of Pinus are divided into 2 major groups; the white pines which are soft pines and have typically 5 needles and non-woody cone scales, and the black pines which are the hard pines with typically 2 to 4 needles and woody cone scales.

What is a Pine?

Characteristics

Evergreens, Shrubs, Conifers or Trees

Origin

Africa, Asia

Interest and use

Many species have ornamental fruit. Suitable for coastal conditions.

Cultivation

They will grow in a wide range of conditions, are wind resistant and will thrive on soils of moderate to low fertility which are well drained. If the conifer produces more than one leader, to maintain the general conical habit, remove all but one leader. To restrict the height of the plant, the leader can be cut back.

Propagation

Seed sown in autumn or spring (but forms selected for leaf colour do not come true). Evergreen current growth cuttings in autumn to spring. Deciduous softwood cuttings in summer.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Honey fungus may be a problem; young plants are more susceptible. Conifer spinning mite may cause defoliation.

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