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Acer Genus

Maple

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General Needs

  • LightFull sun or Part shade
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilClay, Well drained, Fertile, Chalky
  • Soil pH5.0 to 8.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Description

Acer genus (Maple). Acers are deciduous or evergreen ornamental trees and shrubs with small but attractive flowers, followed by clusters of double-winged fruits. Many of the Acers are grown for their brilliant autumn leaf colours which can be yellow, orange, red or brown, or combinations of these.

Characteristics

Woody perennials, Deciduous or Evergreens, Fragrants

Origin

Europe, N. Africa, Asia and Americas.

In Latin, the word 'acer' means hard or sharp. Maple wood was used by the Romans to make lances.

Interest and use

The foliage often colours brilliantly in autumn making Acers a focal point in any garden setting. A number of Acers are also valued for their distinctive bark or stems. Suitable for coastal conditions.

Cultivation

Acers are fully to frost hardy and will require sun or semi-shade in fertile, well-drained soil.

Propagation

Species are propagated by seed, or by grafting or simple layering in late winter or early spring, or by budding in summer.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Leaf eating caterpillars or aphids sometimes infest plants. Also prone to scale insects, tar spot, Verticillium wilt, leaf scorch and honey fungus.

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