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Primula Genus

Primrose

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General Needs

  • LightPart shade
  • HardinessHardy (min -10°C)
  • SoilClay, Well drained, Humus-rich, Chalky
  • Soil pH6.0
  • WaterMoist

Description

Primula genus (Primrose). These are annuals, biennials and perennials, some of which are evergreen. They are produced in rosettes of basal leaves with tubular, bell or primrose-shaped flowers. The flower stems, leaves and sepals are covered with farina (a waxy powder).

Characteristics

Perennials, Evergreens, Fragrants

Other common names

Primula, Polyanthus

Origin

Himalayas and world-wide

Interest and use

There are primulas suitable for almost every type of site; border, screen garden, bog garden, pool margin, greenhouse and alpine house.

Cultivation

They are hardy to frost tender, and they prefer fertile, well-drained soils. They grow in partial-shade with ample water. Repot pot-grown plants annually. Tidy-up fading foliage and dead-head as flowering ceases.

Propagation

By seed when fresh or in spring; increase selected forms during dormancy, either by division or by root cuttings. Auriculas should be propagated by offsets in early spring or early summer. Root cuttings can be taken when dormant in winter.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Border cultivars may be prone to slug damage in damp situations and to attack by root aphids when grown in very dry conditions or in pots.

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