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Quercus ilex

Holm oak

Garden

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  • Quercus ilex | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Quercus ilex | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Quercus ilex | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Quercus ilex | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Quercus ilex | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Quercus ilex | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019

Features

  • Blooms & FruitsMay & September
  • Height10m to 30m
  • Spread10m to 20m
  • Growth HabitUpright round
  • Flower ColourYellow shades
  • Leaf ColourGlossy dark green

Description

Quercus ilex (Holm oak). This species produces a round-headed dense evergreen species which grows about 27m. The leaves are oval and toothed and they are lustrous dark green above and white and downy underneath.

Characteristics

Woody perennial, Evergreen, Fragrant

Origin

Europe

Interest and use

Specimen, hedging. Summer interest. Suitable for coastal conditions.

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  • Quercus ilex | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Quercus ilex | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Quercus ilex | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Quercus ilex | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Quercus ilex | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Quercus ilex | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019

Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessFrost hardy (min -5°C)
  • SoilWell drained, Light, Medium, Low salinity
  • Soil pH5.5 to 7.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

They will thrive in deep, damp, well-drained soil. Some of the species like full sun, while others prefer partial-shade.

Propagation

Propagation is from fresh seeds or by grafting in late winter.

Pests, diseases or disorders

May be affected by mildew and various galls, and in North America by oak wilt.

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