One of things that intrigues me this summer is the plants and trees that thrive in these hot dry conditions. Best of the lot in our garden right now is the…
Rosa genus (Rose). These are deciduous or semi-evergreen open shrubs and scrambling climbers. The leaves are divided into 5 or 7 oval leaflets, with rounded or pointed tips and they are sometimes toothed. The flowers bloom in various colours, some with beautiful fragrances, and are borne mainly in mid summer to mid autumn.
Woody perennials, Deciduous or Semi-evergreens, Fragrants
Grown for their profusion of late, bee attracting, summer flowers, often fragrant, and sometimes for their fruits (rose hips). Hedging. Suitable for coastal conditions.
Roses are adaptable and they can be planted in beds in a range of situations, however, they will usually prefer an open, sunny site with fertile, moist but well drained soil. The miniatures and smaller types will mix well with shrubs. Climbers can be used on fences, for covering unsightly sheds or old trees. To improve health, flower quality and shape of bush, prune in the dormant season or preferably in spring before young shoots develop from dormant growth buds: remove dead, damaged and dying wood. You should try to avoid planting them in an area where roses have been grown in recent years as problems may occur due to disease; either change the soil or choose another site. To obtain blooms of high quality, feed them in late winter or early spring with a balanced fertilizer and apply a mulch. In the spring-summer feed at 3 weekly intervals. Rain may damage the flowers of some roses, causing the petals to form 'balls'.
By budding in summer or by hardwood cuttings in autumn. Hybrids are often propagated by grafting.
All roses will be prone to attack by various pests and diseases, i.e. aphids, blackspot, powdery mildew, die-back, canker, crown-gall, honey-fungus, soil-sickness, viruses, downey mildew, rust and sawfly.
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