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Solanum Genus

False pimento

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General Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessFrost tender (min 5°C)
  • SoilWell drained, Fertile
  • Soil pH4.5 to 6.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Description

Solanum genus (False pimento). There are over 1,400 species in this large genus, which includes trees, shrubs, annuals, biennials, perennials and climbers. Some are evergreen while others are semi-evergreen or deciduous. The leaves are arranged alternately. The showy flowers are solitary or in clusters of star to bell-shaped blooms, which range in colour from white and yellow to blue and purple. The fruits are berries that contain many seeds. This genus includes the potato with edible tubers.

Characteristics

Annuals, Perennials or Biennials, Deciduous, Semi-evergreens or Evergreens, Shrubs or Trees

Other common names

Nightshade

Interest and use

Grown for their flowers and ornamental fruits. Flowers most seasons. Suitable for coastal conditions.

Cultivation

These warm-climate plants are demanding as they require full sun and rich, well-drained soil. Tie scrambling climbers to supports. Thin out and spur back crowded growth of climbers in spring.

Propagation

You can propagate by seeds in the spring or by semi-ripe cuttings in the summer.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Red spider mite, whitefly and aphids may cause problems.

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