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Abies alba

Silver fir

Garden

Wishlist

  • Abies alba | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017
  • Abies alba | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017

Features

  • Blooms & FruitsApril & September
  • Height20m to 35m
  • Spread3m to 9m
  • Growth HabitColumnar
  • Flower ColourCones ripen to a red brown
  • Leaf ColourDark green

Description

Abies alba (Silver fir). This species is a fast growing, conical conifer. It will produce glossy, dark green needles which are pale underneath held in two rows on lateral branches. The bark is dark grey in colour. It will produce cones up to 15cm long.

Characteristics

Needled evergreen, Fragrant

Origin

C & S.E. Europe

Interest and use

Tall evergreen tree.

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  • Abies alba | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017
  • Abies alba | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017

Needs

  • LightShade
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilClay, Heavy, Light, Medium
  • Soil pH5.0 to 7.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

You can grow in light, medium or heavy, clay soil. Fully hardy.

Propagation

Abies seed can be sown in autumn or spring (but forms selected for leaf colour do not come true). Evergreen current growth cuttings in autumn to spring. Deciduous softwood cuttings in summer.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Aphids can be a problem. Honey fungus may be a problem, although this genus is fairly resistant. Conifer spinning mite may cause defoliation. Prone to adelgids.

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Other Abies posts

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