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Acer nigrum

Black Maple

Garden

Wishlist

  • Acer nigrum | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017
  • Acer nigrum | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017

Features

  • BloomsMarch to April
  • Height2m to 40m
  • Growth HabitSimple branched open
  • Flower ColourGreen-yellow
  • Leaf ColourDark green, bronze

Description

Acer nigrum (Black Maple). This Maple is closed related to the Sugar Maple and can grow up to 40 metres high with a deeply fissured bark. The leaves have narrow stalks and broad blades with shallow pointed lobes. They have small but attractive, green-yellow flowers, followed by two winged fruits.

Characteristics

Woody perennial, Deciduous, Tree

Origin

N. America

Interest and use

Like A. saccharum the Black maple has a sugary sap which is sometimes extracted commercially.

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  • Acer nigrum | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017
  • Acer nigrum | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017

Needs

  • LightFull sun or Part shade
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilWell drained
  • Soil pH5.0 to 8.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

They are fully to frost hardy and require sun or semi-shade in fertile, well drained soil.

Propagation

Species are propagated by seed, or by grafting or simple layering in late winter or early spring, or by budding in summer.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Leaf eating caterpillars or aphids sometimes infest plants. Also prone to scale insects, tar spot, Verticillium wilt, leaf scorch and honey fungus.

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