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Trifolium campestre

Hop trefoil

Garden

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Features

  • BloomsJune to September
  • Height0.05m to 0.2m
  • Growth HabitMound
  • Flower ColourYellow, turning pale brown
  • Leaf ColourGreen

Description

Trifolium campestre (Hop trefoil). This plant is often found in the wild in Northern Europe. STEM: Upright or angled upwards. ROOT: Fibrous, with tiny nodules. HAIRS: Over whole plant. STIPULES: Oval, joined to leaf-stalk, not toothed. LEAF-STALK: Shorter than leaflets. BRACTS: Absent FLOWER STALK: Very short. SEPALS: 5, unequal, bases joined, teeth about equal tube. PETALS: 5, remaining in fruit, lowest pair joined, side pair overlap lower, upper broad, becomes grooved. STAMENS: 10, 9 joined at base. STIGMA: 1, with curved style. OVARY: 1, 1-celled. SEEDS: 1, yellow.

Characteristics

Annual, Herbaceous

Other common names

Trefoil

Origin

Britain & N. Europe

Interest and use

Wildflower/meadow

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Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessHalf hardy (min 0°C)
  • SoilWell drained, Light, Medium, Low salinity, Poor quality
  • Soil pH6.0 to 7.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

They are fully to frost hardy, they grow in sun or partial-shade. You can propagate from seeds in the autumn or by division in spring.

Propagation

You can propagate from seeds in the autumn or by division in spring. Self seeds readily.

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