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Valeriana officinalis

Valerian

Garden

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Features

  • BloomsMay to August
  • Height0.2m to 1.5m
  • Spread0.3m to 0.6m
  • Growth HabitBranched clump
  • Flower ColourPale pink, white
  • Leaf ColourBright green

Description

Valeriana officinalis (Valerian). This is a scented herb, and is grown for its fragrant flowers and leaves. The roots have medicinal properties, which have been used as a sedative. The flowers range in colour from white, pale pink to lavender which appear in the summer. This plant is often found in the wild in Northern Europe. STEM: Upright, rarely short, creeping stems at base. ROOT: Short underground stem. HAIRS: Mostly below, absent above. STIPULES: Absent LEAF-STALK: Shorter than blade, upper almost absent. BRACTS: Shorter than flower. FLOWER STALK: More or less absent. SEPALS: 15 lobes rolled inwards, enlarging, becoming feathery in fruit. PETALS: 5, bases form tube, side swollen, lobes oblong. STAMENS: 3, protruding, white. STIGMA: 1, 3-lobed, style long. OVARY: 1, apparently 1-celled. SEEDS: 1, not released.

Characteristics

Perennial, Deciduous, Fragrant

Origin

Europe, Asia

Interest and use

Fragrance, medicinal.

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Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessFrost hardy (min -5°C)
  • SoilWell drained, Fertile, Medium, Low salinity
  • Soil pH6.0 to 7.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

They are very frost hardy, and will thrive in almost any soil, in sun or partial-shade. You can propagate from seed or by division..

Propagation

Division in autumn, V.officinalis by seed in spring.

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