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Abies balsamea

Balsam fir

Garden

Wishlist

  • Abies balsamea | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017

Features

  • BloomsApril to October
  • Height7m to 15m
  • Spread3m to 4m
  • Growth HabitUpright conical
  • Flower ColourBluish purple
  • Leaf ColourGrey green

Description

Abies balsamea (Balsam fir). This species is a dense ornamental conifer with a flattened to globose habit. The 'balsam' in the conifer's name is the clear thin resin in its bark, which was once commercially important for the production of caulking resin.

Characteristics

Woody perennial, Evergreen, Fragrant

Other common names

Balm of Gilead

Origin

C and E Canada

Interest and use

Grown for wood pulp as well as for its resin which is still used medicinally, for incenses, glues and candles. Also grown as Christmas trees and as specimen trees as well as wind breaks.

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  • Abies balsamea | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017

Needs

  • LightPart shade
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilClay, Heavy, Light, Medium
  • Soil pH5.0 to 7.0
  • WaterMoist

Cultivation

You can grow in light, medium or heavy, clay soil, which is fertile and well-drained.

Propagation

Abies seed can be sown in autumn or spring (but forms selected for leaf colour do not come true). Evergreen current growth cuttings in autumn to spring. Deciduous softwood cuttings in summer.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Honey fungus may be a problem, although this genus is fairly resistant. Conifer spinning mite may cause defoliation. Prone to adelgids.

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