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Beta Genus

Beetroot

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General Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilWell drained, Humus-rich
  • WaterMoist

Description

Beta genus (Beetroot). This is a genus of 6 species of broad-leafed annuals, biennials and perennials, native to Europe, west Asia and north Africa. It is most familiar in the form of several important garden and commercial vegetables, which are all cultivated races of the one species, Beta vulgaris. The genus belongs to the saltbush family, as do spinach (Spinacia) and orache (Atriplex), and members of its species often grow in the wild in saline coastal habitats. They have a well-developed tap root and large basal leaves, from among which the flowering stems elongate, bearing numerous inconspicuous, greenish flowers followed by small, slightly prickly dry fruits, normally thought of as the ‘seeds’.

Characteristics

Perennials or Biennials, Shrubs, Vegetables or Herbaceous

Origin

Europe, Asia & Africa

Interest and use

Grown for root vegetables.

Propagation

Sow seeds in spring.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Leaf spotting, and downy mildew may be a problem in wet or humid conditions.

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