Answer: a shingle path. You would think that a shingle path would be a barren desert, as far as seedlings are concerned, wouldn't you? However, nothing is…
They are fully hardy. You will need to plant in a sunny position in any moist and well drained soil; some species will prefer acidic soil. The young trees should be transplanted in the autumn.
Propagation is by grafting in late winter or by softwood cuttings in the early summer.
Pests, diseases or disorders
Aphids, sawfly, honey fungus and mildew may cause problems.