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Betula maximowicziana

Monarch birch

Garden

Wishlist

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Features

  • Blooms & FruitsMarch & March
  • Height17m to 32m
  • Spread8m to 11m
  • Growth HabitBroad conical
  • Flower ColourYellow-green
  • Leaf ColourDeep green

Description

Betula maximowicziana (Monarch birch). The young branches on this species of birch are brown. The older bark will peel away in long sheets. It is tolerant of both windy, cold areas and dry sites, as long as their is good drainage. The leaves are about 15cms long and broad; they will turn yellow in the autumn. The catkins will appear in late winter and spring; these are then followed by 6cm cone like fruit in the autumn.

Characteristics

Deciduous, Tree

Other common names

Birch

Origin

Japan

Interest and use

Specimen

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Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilClay, Fertile, Sandy
  • Soil pH5.0 to 8.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

They are fully hardy. You will need to plant in a sunny position in any moist and well drained soil; some species will prefer acidic soil. The young trees should be transplanted in the autumn.

Propagation

Propagation is by grafting in late winter or by softwood cuttings in the early summer.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Aphids, sawfly, honey fungus and mildew may cause problems.

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