Answer: a shingle path. You would think that a shingle path would be a barren desert, as far as seedlings are concerned, wouldn't you? However, nothing is…
They are not drought-tolerant and will perform best with a regular watering and feeding.
Propagation is by grafting in late winter or by softwood cuttings in the early summer.
Pests, diseases or disorders
All birches are prone to aphids, bronze birch borers and birch leaf-miners.