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Abies balsamea var. prostrata

Balsam fir

Garden

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  • Abies balsamea var. prostrata | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017

Features

  • BloomsApril to October
  • Height7m to 2m
  • Spread0.5m
  • Growth HabitUpright conical
  • Flower ColourBlue-ish purple
  • Leaf ColourDark green and light green

Description

Abies balsamea var. prostrata (Balsam fir). This variety has a particularly flat habit, with needles arranged in a comb-like pattern. The young leaves of this plant are light green and the mature leaves turn very dark green. The branches are ascending and the bark is grey.

Characteristics

Woody perennial, Needled evergreen, Tree

Other common names

Balm of Gilead

Origin

C and E Canada

Interest and use

Grown for its habit and as a specimen tree or shrub.

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  • Abies balsamea var. prostrata | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017

Needs

  • LightPart shade
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilClay, Heavy, Light, Medium
  • Soil pH5.0 to 7.0
  • WaterMoist

Cultivation

You can grow in light, medium or heavy, clay soil, which is fertile and well-drained.

Propagation

Abies seed can be sown in autumn or spring (but forms selected for leaf colour do not come true). Evergreen current growth cuttings in autumn to spring. Deciduous softwood cuttings in summer.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Honey fungus may be a problem, although this genus is fairly resistant. Conifer spinning mite may cause defoliation. Prone to adelgids.

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