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Abies grandis

Grand fir

Garden

Wishlist

  • Abies grandis | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017
  • Abies grandis | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017
  • Abies grandis | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017

Features

  • Blooms & FruitsApril & October
  • Height20m to 60m
  • Spread5m to 10m
  • Growth HabitColumnar
  • Flower ColourCones are greenish yellow and barrel shaped
  • Leaf ColourDark green

Description

Abies grandis (Grand fir). This species is among the world's tallest columnar conifer trees. It can reach up to 90m in the forests of Vancouver. It has dark brown cones and the foliage is similar to that of Abies concolor and when crushed it smells like orange peel.

Characteristics

Evergreen, Fragrant

Other common names

Giant fir

Origin

W. North America

Interest and use

The bark is used by native Canadian people to build canoes and the pitch used to protect canoe oars.

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  • Abies grandis | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017
  • Abies grandis | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017
  • Abies grandis | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017

Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilClay, Heavy, Well drained, Fertile
  • Soil pH5.0 to 7.0
  • WaterMoist

Cultivation

Grow in deep moist fertile well-drained soil.

Propagation

Abies seed can be sown in autumn or spring (but forms selected for leaf colour do not come true). Evergreen current growth cuttings in autumn to spring. Deciduous softwood cuttings in summer.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Honey fungus may be a problem, although this genus is fairly resistant. Conifer spinning mite may cause defoliation. Prone to adelgids.

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