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Carya cordiformis

Bitternut

Garden

Wishlist

  • Carya cordiformis | Copyright Greenplantswap 2020
  • Carya cordiformis | Copyright Greenplantswap 2020

Features

  • Blooms & FruitsMay & October
  • Height10m to 23m
  • Spread10m to 15m
  • Growth HabitTall thin oval
  • Leaf ColourMid green-yellow
  • AwardsRHS Garden Merit

Description

Carya cordiformis (Bitternut). A fast-growing, broadly columnar deciduous tree growing to a height of 24m and is native to eastern USA. Leaves are lance-shaped to ovate and mid green become yellow in autumn before falling. Bark is smooth and a grey-brown colour and becomes fissured with age. Bears greenish-yellow, small and thin rounded nuts which are not edible hence the common name! Bitternut timber is used for smoking hams and bacon.

Characteristics

Deciduous, Tree

Origin

E.N.America

Interest and use

Specimen tree.

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  • Carya cordiformis | Copyright Greenplantswap 2020
  • Carya cordiformis | Copyright Greenplantswap 2020

Needs

  • LightFull sun or Part shade
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilHeavy, Light, Medium
  • WaterMoist

Cultivation

They are fully hardy and will require sun or semi-shade with deep fertile soil. You should plant the young seedlings in a permanent position during their first year as the older plants resent transplanting.

Propagation

You can propagate the seeds in the autumn.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Prone to crown gall, powdery mildew and leaf spot.

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