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Fagus grandifolia

American beech

Garden

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Features

  • BloomsMarch to May
  • Height6m to 12m
  • Spread6m to 10m
  • Growth HabitUpright hemi-spherical
  • Leaf ColourDark green

Description

Fagus grandifolia (American beech). This species grows with a long straight trunk to about 22m in its native forests of North East America. Not commonly cultivated outside North America. In the open it will develop low branches and a broad crown and reaches only 9m. Root suckers are often present beneath mature trees.

Characteristics

Deciduous, Tree

Other common names

Beech

Origin

E.N.America

Interest and use

Specimen.

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Needs

  • LightFull sun, Part shade or Shade
  • HardinessHardy (min -10°C)
  • SoilHeavy, Well drained, Fertile, Medium, Low salinity
  • Soil pH4.5 to 6.0
  • WaterSemi-moist or Dry

Cultivation

They will require sun or semi-shade; the purple-leaved forms will prefer full sun, the yellow-leaved forms prefer a little shade. They will grow well in any but waterlogged soil.

Propagation

Propagate from seed as soon as it autumns; cultivators must be grafted.

Pests, diseases or disorders

They may be attacked by aphids and are prone to fungi and powdery mildew.

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