Hedera saggittifolia (Japanese ivy). These are evergreen, woody stemmed, trailing perennials and self clinging climbers. They will take about a year to become established, but thereafter growth is rapid. On the ground and while climbing, most have roughly triangular, usually lobed leaves. Given extra height and access to light, leaves become less lobed and in autumn umbels of small, yellowish-green flowers are produced, followed by globose, black, occasionally yellow fruits. Fully to half hardy. Ivies with green leaves are very shade tolerant and do well against a north facing wall. Those with variegated or yellow leaves prefer more light, are usually less hardy and may sustain frost and wind damage in severe winters. All prefer well drained, alkaline soil. Prune in spring to control height and spread, and to remove any damaged growth. Propagate in late summer by softwood cuttings or rooted layers. Red spider mite may be a problem when plants are grown against a south-facing wall or in dry conditions.
Perennial, Evergreen, Shrub or Climber
Interest and use
Covering walls and fences, and as ground cover. Suitable for coastal conditions.