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Helleborus niger

Christmas rose

Garden

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  • Helleborus niger | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Helleborus niger | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Helleborus niger | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019

Features

  • BloomsDecember to March
  • Height0.2m to 0.35m
  • Spread0.3m to 0.5m
  • Growth HabitClump
  • Flower ColourWhite, yellow, pink
  • Leaf ColourDeep green shades

Description

Helleborus niger (Christmas rose). This species consists of leathery evergreen foliage. The flowers are cup-shaped and droopy, and when the flowers open they are white to yellow or pink. They will need a little protection from strong winds. Will perform best in partial shade in moist, rich, well drained soil that is somewhat alkaline. Top-dressing with compost or rotted manure will be extremely beneficial to this early-blooming perennial. Protect from strong winds. Will spread slowly to naturalize a shady area.

Characteristics

Perennial, Semi-evergreen, Fragrant

Other common names

Black hellebore, Hellebore

Origin

Europe and Asia

Interest and use

Shade, naturaliser, under shrubs, rock-gardens. Spring/Winter interest. Whole plant is poisonous if eaten.

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  • Helleborus niger | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Helleborus niger | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019
  • Helleborus niger | Copyright Greenplantswap 2019

Needs

  • LightPart shade
  • HardinessFully hardy (min -15°C)
  • SoilClay, Well drained, Sandy, Humus-rich, Loamy
  • Soil pH7.0 to 9.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

Watch out it is poisonous.

Propagation

Seed germination is improved by freezing the seeds. Plant in the autumn in a protected bed or seed flat, keep moist and maintain a temperature of 21-24C. Germination will occur in the spring.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Winter conditions will damage plant.

Search or browse our Glossary of 3,000+ botanical and plant-related terms


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