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Acacia albida

Winter thorn

Garden

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Features

  • BloomsJanuary to May
  • Height30m
  • Growth HabitIrregular bushy
  • Flower ColourYellow
  • Leaf ColourMid green

Description

Acacia albida (Winter thorn). Also known as Faidherbia albida, this species can grow up to 30m tall. The flowers are spikes of small yellow, round blooms with long anthers, giving a bristle-like appearance .

Characteristics

Deciduous or Semi-evergreen, Shrub or Tree

Other common names

Apple ring acacia

Origin

Africa & Australia

Interest and use

Used in the Sahel as bee forage, as well as for timber. As it sheds it leaves in the rainy season it is highly prized as a shade crop for farm animals for growing alongside cereal crops. It is used to treat ocular infections in livestock and the seeds are also used in fishing to temporarily make them slower and easier to catch. Also used to fix nitrogen and prevent soil erosion.

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Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessHalf hardy (min 0°C)
  • SoilWell drained, Fertile, Light, Medium, Low salinity
  • Soil pH5.0 to 7.0
  • WaterDry

Cultivation

Grow in light-medium, deep to shallow well drained soil, with low to medium salinity and medium fertility.

Propagation

Propagate by seed in the spring. Soak them in warm water until swollen first. Root semi-ripe cuttings in summer.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Red spider mite, scale insects and mealy bug.

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