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Acacia catechu

Cutch tree

Garden

Wishlist

  • Acacia catechu | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017

Features

  • BloomsJanuary to May
  • Height15m
  • Growth HabitIrregular bushy
  • Flower ColourYellow
  • Leaf ColourMid green

Description

Acacia catechu (Cutch tree). Also known as Senegalia catechu. The leaves on this small tree grow up to 15cm are bipinnate and light green. The seed pods are a rich red-brown.

Characteristics

Deciduous or Semi-evergreen, Tree

Other common names

Terra Japonica, Black Catechu

Origin

West Pakistan to Burma. In Hindi it is 'Khair' and in Sanskrit, 'Khadira'. Introduced to Europe by Japan.

Interest and use

Primarily for dying and tanning but also used in Ayurvedic medicine. The dye is used to flavour and give the red colour to Paan which is a mixture of betel leaf and slaked lime (amongst other ingredients) chewed as a mild stimulant in India.

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  • Acacia catechu | Copyright Greenplantswap 2017

Needs

  • LightFull sun
  • HardinessHalf hardy (min 0°C)
  • SoilWell drained, Fertile
  • Soil pH5.0 to 8.0
  • WaterSemi-moist

Cultivation

Frost hardy to frost tender, min 5-7C. They require full sun and well-drained soil. Under glass, use a loam-based potting compost with full light. Outside, moderate fertile soil and full sun.

Propagation

By seed.

Pests, diseases or disorders

Red spider mite, scale insects and mealy bug.

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